Frequently asked questions about Fistula in Ano

  1. Does an abscess always become a fistula?
    No. A fistula develops in about 50 percent of all abscess cases, and there is no way to predict if this will occur.

  2. Can these Fistulas Spread..?
    Yes , if not treated, the Fistula tract can branch into the fascial layers of perianal region. Abscesses can also recur if the fistula seals, allowing the accumulation of pus. It may then point to the surface at the same site or a different site, and the process repeats. This way more than one fistula openings may develop.

  3. How long does it take before patients feel better after Kshar Sutra Therapy?
    Duration of Kshar Sutra Therapy for Fistula- in-ano depends on the length, type and location of the Fistula. It requires weekly seatings to change the Kshar Sutra.

    Most patients can be discharged the same day after the Kshar Sutra Therapy. Discomfort after surgery can be mild to moderate for the first week and can be controlled with pain pills. You can resume your daily work within 3-4 days.

    After every 1 week, old Kshar Sutra will be replaced with a new Kshar Sutra. Some pain and burning sensation is expected for first 24 hrs after changing the Kshar sutra as the medicine on the new Kshar Sutra is fresh. The amount of time lost from work or school is usually minimal.

    Treatment of an abscess is followed by a period of time at home, though the patient may need to see a family clinic daily for dressing of the wound. It may be necessary to wear a gauze pad or mini-pad to prevent the drainage from soiling clothes. Bowel movements will not affect healing.

  4. What are the chances of a recurrence of an abscess or fistula?
    Recurrence rate after Kshar Sutra Therapy is negligible. However, it is important to follow the directions of your doctor to prevent recurrence or development of a new fistula at a different site.